Physical therapy (also physiotherapy) is a healthcare profession that provides treatment to individuals to develop, maintain and restore maximum movement and function throughout life. This includes providing treatment in circumstances where movements and functions are threatened by ageing, injury, disease or environmental factors.

Physiotherapy is concerned with identifying and maximizing the quality of life and movement potential within the spheres of promotion, prevention, treatment/intervention, habilitation and rehabilitation. This encompasses physical, psychological, emotional, and social well being. It involves the interaction between a physical therapist (PT), patients/clients, other health professionals, families, caregivers, and communities in a process where movement potential is assessed and goals are agreed upon, using knowledge and skills unique to physical therapists. Physical therapy is performed by either a physiotherapist (PT) or an assistant (PTA) acting under their direction.

  • To cure occasionally
  • To relieve often
  • To comfort always

When you arrive at Inamdar Multispeciality Hospital, we perform a comprehensive evaluation to arrive at an assessment of the condition and then set a plan of treatment. We look at you in a holistic way and try to find the root of the problem and contributing factors and help you deal with it in an active way. We can manage all types of sports injuries, from the initial acute stage immediately after injury until the athlete is ready to return to the field.

close-up hand wear medical gloves doctor examining head of patie


Physiotherapy evaluation.

Manual therapy: joint mobilization & manipulation, soft tissue mobilization, mobilization with movement, and therapeutic massage.

Therapeutic exercise: a fully equipped gym is available with cardiovascular and strength training equipment.

Taping. EMG biofeedback for retraining specific muscle activation/relaxation.

Electrotherapy: electrical stimulation, pulsed magnetic field therapy, and ultrasound therapy.

Low-level laser therapy

Cervical & lumbar traction

Intermittent compression therapy

Relaxation therapy

Cognitive therapy (education intervention)

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What is physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, is a healthcare profession that focuses on assessing, diagnosing, and treating various conditions and injuries related to the musculoskeletal, neurological, and cardiovascular systems. It involves the use of manual techniques, therapeutic exercises, and other modalities to promote mobility, function, and overall well-being.

What issues can a physio treat?

Physiotherapists can treat a wide range of issues, including:

  1. Musculoskeletal conditions: Physiotherapy can help with back pain, neck pain, joint pain, muscle strains, sprains, arthritis, and post-surgical rehabilitation.
  2. Neurological conditions: Physiotherapy can assist in the management of conditions such as stroke, spinal cord injuries, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, and cerebral palsy.
  3. Cardiovascular conditions: Physiotherapy can be beneficial for individuals with heart disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other cardiac or respiratory conditions.
  4. Sports injuries: Physiotherapists can help athletes recover from sports-related injuries, improve performance, and prevent future injuries.
  5. Rehabilitation after surgery: Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in post-operative recovery, helping patients regain mobility, strength, and function after surgeries such as joint replacements or ligament repairs.
  6. Pediatric conditions: Physiotherapy can address developmental delays, motor coordination issues, and other conditions affecting children's physical abilities.
  7. Pain management: Physiotherapists employ various techniques to manage and reduce pain, including manual therapy, therapeutic exercises, electrical stimulation, and heat/cold therapy.

These are just a few examples, and physiotherapy can be beneficial for many other conditions as well.

What procedures are used in physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy utilizes a variety of procedures and techniques, including:

  1. Manual therapy: This involves hands-on techniques performed by the physiotherapist, such as joint mobilization, soft tissue mobilization, massage, and manipulation.
  2. Therapeutic exercises: Physiotherapists prescribe specific exercises to improve strength, flexibility, balance, and overall function. These exercises may include stretching, strengthening, and stabilization exercises.
  3. Electrotherapy: Techniques such as electrical muscle stimulation, ultrasound, and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) may be used to relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and promote healing.
  4. Heat and cold therapy: The application of heat or cold can help reduce pain, relax muscles, and improve circulation. This may involve hot/cold packs, ice massage, or hydrotherapy.
  5. Rehabilitation equipment: Physiotherapists may use equipment such as parallel bars, treadmills, resistance bands, balance boards, and weights to aid in rehabilitation and functional training.
  6. Education and advice: Physiotherapists provide education and guidance on injury prevention, posture, ergonomics, and self-management techniques to optimize recovery and long-term well-being.

The specific procedures used will depend on the individual's condition and the physiotherapist's assessment.

Are there specializations in physiotherapy?

Yes, physiotherapy offers various specialization areas that allow practitioners to focus on specific patient populations or conditions. Some common specializations in physiotherapy include:

  1. Orthopedic physiotherapy: Specializing in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, injuries, and post-operative rehabilitation.
  2. Neurological physiotherapy: Specializing in the assessment and treatment of individuals with neurological conditions, such as stroke, spinal cord injuries, and Parkinson's disease.
  3. Pediatric physiotherapy: Specializing in the evaluation and management of children with developmental delays, congenital conditions, and motor disorders.
  4. Sports physiotherapy: Specializing in the treatment and prevention of sports-related injuries, working with athletes to optimize performance and facilitate recovery.
  5. Cardiorespiratory physiotherapy: Specializing in the assessment and treatment of individuals with cardiac and respiratory conditions, helping improve breathing, endurance, and overall function.

These are just a few examples, and there are other specialized areas within physiotherapy as well.

Is a physician's prescription needed?

In many countries, a physician's prescription is not required to see a physiotherapist. Physiotherapists are primary healthcare practitioners who can assess and treat patients directly. However, there may be certain cases where a physician's referral or prescription is necessary, such as when physiotherapy services are being covered by insurance or when specialized treatments are required. The requirements can vary depending on the country, healthcare system, and specific circumstances, so it is advisable to check the regulations and requirements in your particular location.