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ADHD-C: Understanding Combined ADHD and Its Connection with Autism Spectrum Disorders


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental condition that affects both children and adults. It is characterized by symptoms such as inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which can impact a person’s daily life, relationships, and overall well-being. Within the spectrum of ADHD, there is a subtype known as combined presentation ADHD, or ADHD-C. This subtype combines both inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms. Moreover, there is a growing interest in understanding the relationship between ADHD and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this blog, we’ll delve into what combined ADHD is and explore its connection with ASD. We’ll also discuss the importance of finding the right healthcare professionals, such as autism and ADHD specialists, and the treatment options available in Pune.

Understanding Combined ADHD (ADHD-C)

ADHD is typically categorized into three main subtypes: predominantly inattentive presentation (ADHD-PI), predominantly hyperactive-impulsive presentation (ADHD-HI), and combined presentation (ADHD-C). In combined ADHD, individuals exhibit a range of symptoms from both the inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive categories. This means that they may have difficulty paying attention, staying organized, and controlling their impulses while also displaying hyperactive behaviors like restlessness and fidgeting.

Combined ADHD can be especially challenging to diagnose and manage because of the broad range of symptoms it presents. Individuals with ADHD-C may struggle with tasks that require sustained focus, be easily distracted, forget things, and have difficulty following instructions. They might also display impulsive behaviors, interrupt conversations, or have difficulty waiting their turn.

The Connection Between Combined ADHD and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Research has shown that there is a significant overlap between ADHD and autism spectrum disorders, which can make diagnosis and treatment more complex. Many individuals with ADHD, especially those with a combined presentation, may also have traits or symptoms associated with ASD. Some of the common features shared by both conditions include difficulties in social interactions, communication challenges, and sensory sensitivities.

It’s important to note that having symptoms of both conditions doesn’t necessarily mean an individual has both diagnoses. However, recognizing the overlap between ADHD and ASD is crucial for tailoring interventions and support to address an individual’s unique needs effectively.

Finding the Right Healthcare Professionals

In Pune, as in many other cities, it is essential to find the right healthcare professionals who specialize in ADHD and ASD for proper diagnosis and treatment. Some resources to consider include:

  1. Autism Specialists: Look for doctors or clinics specializing in autism spectrum disorders. Seek recommendations and check for credentials and experience in working with individuals on the autism spectrum.
  2. ADHD Specialists: ADHD doctors, psychiatrists, or pediatricians with expertise in diagnosing and treating ADHD can help with identifying and managing ADHD symptoms, including combined ADHD.
  3. Occupational Therapists: Occupational therapists can be a valuable resource for individuals with ADHD and ASD. They can provide strategies and interventions to improve daily functioning, sensory processing, and executive function skills.
  4. Child Development Centers: Facilities like “Roots to Wings Child Development Center in Fatima Nagar, Wanowarie, Pune.” can offer a range of services, including evaluations, therapy, and support for children with developmental disorders.

ADHD Treatment Options in Pune

Treatment for combined ADHD typically involves a combination of approaches, such as:

  1. Behavioral Therapy: Behavioral interventions can help individuals with ADHD learn coping strategies and develop executive function skills.
  2. Medication: In some cases, healthcare professionals may recommend medication to manage symptoms. It’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider to determine the most appropriate treatment.
  3. Educational Support: Schools in Pune may offer accommodations and support for children with ADHD and ASD, such as individualized education plans (IEPs) or 504 plans.
  4. Parent and Caregiver Training: Parents and caregivers can benefit from training programs to better understand and support children with ADHD-C and ASD.


Combined ADHD, with its blend of inattentive and hyperactive-impulsive symptoms, poses unique challenges. When there is an overlap with autism spectrum disorders, the diagnostic and treatment journey becomes even more intricate. Therefore, finding the right healthcare professionals, like autism and ADHD specialists in Pune, is crucial. Collaborating with these experts and exploring various treatment options can significantly improve the quality of life for individuals with combined ADHD and ASD, helping them thrive in their personal and academic lives.