Inamdar Hospital

How Does In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Work?

What is the process of in vitro fertilization (IVF)?

In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a method of assisted reproductive technology (ART) used to help individuals and couples conceive a child. The IVF process involves several steps:

  1. Ovarian Stimulation – The woman undergoing IVF is given medication to stimulate her ovaries to produce multiple eggs.

  2. Egg Retrieval – Once the eggs have matured, they are retrieved from the woman’s ovaries using a minor surgical procedure.

  3. Fertilization – In the laboratory, the retrieved eggs are combined with sperm from the male partner or a donor, and the fertilization process is monitored.

  4. Embryo Culture – The fertilized eggs, now embryos, are cultured in a laboratory for a few days to assess their development.

  5. Embryo Transfer – One or more of the resulting embryos are transferred into the woman’s uterus. Any excess embryos may be cryopreserved for future use.

  6. Pregnancy Test – A pregnancy test is conducted to determine if the IVF procedure was successful.

It’s important to note that IVF success rates can vary based on various factors, including the age and health of the individuals involved. Additionally, IVF may involve additional techniques such as the use of donor eggs or sperm, as well as preimplantation genetic testing to screen for genetic disorders. If you have specific questions about IVF for your situation, it is best to consult with a fertility specialist for personalized guidance.


How successful is IVF?

IVF success rates vary but have significantly improved over the years. Factors such as age, health, and clinic expertise play vital roles in determining success.

Are there risks associated with IVF?

While generally safe, IVF does carry some risks, including multiple pregnancies, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, and ectopic pregnancies. These risks are closely monitored and mitigated by experienced medical professionals.

Can I choose the gender of my baby through IVF?

Yes, a technique called Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT) allows for gender selection. However, ethical considerations and regulations may impact its availability.

How many IVF cycles are typically needed?

The number of cycles varies for each individual or couple. Factors such as age, health, and specific fertility issues influence the recommended number of attempts.

Is IVF the only option for infertility?

No, IVF is one of many assisted reproductive technologies. Depending on the cause of infertility, alternative treatments such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) or fertility medications may be explored.

What lifestyle changes can enhance IVF success?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and stress management, can positively impact IVF success. Consultation with healthcare professionals for personalized advice is recommended.