Inamdar Hospital

Kidney Stones- Symptoms, Causes, Types and Treatment

Kidney stones consist of hard deposits made up of salts and minerals that occur inside the kidneys. Some medical conditions, diet, medications, and supplements are the contributing factors to kidney stones. They can affect the urinary tract from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Stones form due to the concentration of urine that makes the minerals crystallize and stick to each other.

Symptoms of kidney stones:

A cramping and sharp pain in the side and the back is a symptom of kidney stones. This feeling extends to the groin and lower abdomen. The pain goes and comes in the form of waves. It is because the body tries to eliminate kidney stones.

Some other symptoms of kidney stones are as follows.

  1. Need to urinate
  2. Vomiting and nausea
  3. Having a burning feeling while urinating
  4. Urine is red or dark in color due to the presence of blood that causes the urine to have some amounts of red blood cells
  5. Men can feel pain at the top of their penis

Kidney stones- Causes:

If a person drinks a low amount of water, exercises very little or too much, eats food that contains a great amount of sugar and salt, and suffers from obesity, they can have kidney stones. Eating fructose can pose a risk to the formation of kidney stones. It is present in corn syrup and table sugar.

Types of kidney stones:

1. Uric acid

It is the type of kidney stone that occurs from shellfish and organ meat that have high concentrations of the natural chemical compound called purines. This can result in the formation of kidney stones.

2. Cystine

These types of kidney stones are rare. They usually run in families.

3. Struvite

Struvite stones occur due to infections that affect the upper urinary tract.

4. Calcium oxalate

This stone is a result of the combination of calcium and oxalate in urine. Inadequate intake of fluid and calcium can result in this condition.


The treatment for kidney stones consists of medication and surgery. Inamdar Multispeciality Hospital provides the best kidney stone treatment with the best practices of experts.


If you require treatment for kidney stones, you can contact Inamdar Hospital in Pune. The Urology Department at IMH has a very properly skilled group of Urologists in Pune available at Inamdar Multispeciality Hospital Fatima Nagar Pune. Several doctor team is available for Urology treatment.