Inamdar Hospital

What are the Most Common Child Surgeries?

When it comes to children, the idea of surgery can be overwhelming for both the child and their parents. Understanding the most common types of surgeries that children might undergo can help reduce some of the anxiety. Here, we’ll explore some of the most frequently performed surgeries on children, explaining what they involve and why they are needed.

1. Tonsillectomy

A tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils, which are two small glands located at the back of the throat. This surgery is often performed on children who suffer from frequent throat infections or have enlarged tonsils that cause breathing problems, especially during sleep. Symptoms like sleep apnea, difficulty swallowing, and chronic sore throats are common reasons why a doctor might recommend this procedure. The surgery is usually quick, and most children recover within a week or two.

2. Appendectomy

An appendectomy involves the removal of the appendix, a small, tube-like organ attached to the large intestine. This surgery is most often performed when a child has appendicitis, which is an inflammation of the appendix. Symptoms of appendicitis include severe abdominal pain, fever, and vomiting. An appendectomy is typically an emergency procedure to prevent the appendix from bursting, which can lead to serious infections. Recovery from an appendectomy usually takes about a week, though it might be longer if the appendix has burst.

3. Hernia Repair

A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. In children, the most common types of hernias are inguinal hernias (in the groin area) and umbilical hernias (around the belly button). These hernias can cause pain and swelling, and sometimes even restrict blood flow to other organs, which can be dangerous. Hernia repair surgery is performed to push the protruding tissue back into place and strengthen the muscle wall. This surgery is generally safe, and children often recover quickly.

4. Ear Tube Surgery

Children who have frequent ear infections or fluid build-up in the middle ear might need ear tube surgery. This procedure involves placing tiny tubes in the eardrums to allow air to enter the middle ear. These tubes help prevent the accumulation of fluids behind the eardrum, which can cause infections and hearing problems. Ear tube surgery is relatively simple and usually done as an outpatient procedure. Most children experience immediate relief from ear pain and improved hearing after the surgery.

5. Circumcision

Circumcision is the surgical removal of the foreskin from the penis. It is one of the most common surgeries performed on newborn boys for cultural, religious, or medical reasons. Some parents choose circumcision to reduce the risk of infections and certain diseases. The procedure is typically done shortly after birth, and recovery is usually quick, with minimal discomfort for the baby.

6. Pyloromyotomy

A pyloromyotomy is a surgery performed to treat pyloric stenosis, a condition in infants that causes severe vomiting due to the narrowing of the passage from the stomach to the small intestine. Symptoms include projectile vomiting, dehydration, and weight loss. During the surgery, the muscle causing the blockage is cut to allow food to pass through more easily. This surgery is essential for the baby’s nutrition and growth, and recovery is generally smooth, with babies usually feeding well within a few days.

7. Orchiopexy

Orchiopexy is a surgery to correct undescended testicles, a condition where one or both of a boy’s testicles fail to move down into the scrotum before birth. This condition, if left untreated, can lead to fertility problems and increase the risk of testicular cancer later in life. The surgery involves moving the testicle into the scrotum and securing it in place. It’s typically done on boys between six months and two years old, and recovery is swift, with most children resuming normal activities within a few days.


While the thought of your child undergoing surgery can be daunting, it’s important to remember that these procedures are common and generally safe. Surgeons who specialize in pediatric care are highly trained to perform these surgeries with great care and precision. If your child needs surgery, Visit Inamdar Hospital’s Pediatric Department and discuss any concerns you might have. We have a team of highly experienced and dedicated pediatric specialists.