Inamdar Hospital

common surgeries performed by ENT Surgeon

What Are the Common Surgeries Performed by an ENT Surgeon?

Ear, Nose, and Throat (ENT) surgeons, also known as otolaryngologists, are specialized medical professionals who diagnose and treat a wide range of conditions affecting the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. These specialists perform a variety of surgeries to address both chronic and acute conditions.

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Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy


A tonsillectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the tonsils, which are two lymphoid tissues located at the back of the throat. This surgery is often recommended for patients who suffer from recurrent tonsillitis, sleep apnea, or other obstructive sleep disorders. The procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia and involves the complete removal of the tonsils. Recovery typically involves a sore throat, and patients are advised to consume soft foods and plenty of fluids.


An adenoidectomy involves the removal of the adenoids, which are lymphoid tissues located in the nasopharynx. This surgery is often combined with a tonsillectomy, especially in children who experience chronic ear infections, nasal obstructions, or breathing difficulties. The procedure is also done under general anesthesia, and recovery is similar to that of a tonsillectomy.

Myringotomy and Tympanostomy Tube Insertion


A myringotomy is a surgical procedure in which a small incision is made in the eardrum to relieve pressure caused by excessive fluid buildup. This fluid is usually the result of chronic otitis media (middle ear infection). The procedure is performed under general anesthesia and is typically quick, lasting about 15 minutes.

Tympanostomy Tube Insertion

Often performed in conjunction with a myringotomy, tympanostomy tube insertion involves placing a small tube into the eardrum incision to allow continuous drainage and ventilation of the middle ear. This is particularly beneficial for patients, especially children, who suffer from recurrent ear infections or persistent fluid buildup. The tubes usually fall out on their own after several months, and the eardrum heals naturally.


Septoplasty is a surgical procedure to correct a deviated septum, which is a displacement of the bone and cartilage that divides the two nostrils. This condition can cause breathing difficulties, chronic sinusitis, and snoring. Septoplasty is performed under general or local anesthesia, depending on the complexity of the deviation. The surgeon repositions the septum to improve airflow and alleviate symptoms. Recovery involves managing nasal congestion and avoiding strenuous activities for several weeks.

Endoscopic Sinus Surgery

Endoscopic sinus surgery is a minimally invasive procedure used to treat chronic sinusitis and other sinus-related conditions. The surgeon uses an endoscope, a thin, flexible tube with a camera, to view the sinuses and remove blockages such as polyps, mucus, and infected tissue. This surgery improves sinus drainage and reduces the frequency and severity of sinus infections. Patients can expect a relatively quick recovery, with most returning to normal activities within a week.


Tympanoplasty is a surgical procedure to repair a perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane). A perforated eardrum can result from infections, trauma, or chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction. This surgery aims to restore the integrity of the eardrum, improve hearing, and prevent recurrent ear infections. The procedure involves grafting tissue onto the eardrum and is typically performed under general anesthesia. Recovery includes keeping the ear dry and avoiding activities that can increase ear pressure.

Laryngoscopy and Phonosurgery


Laryngoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that allows the ENT surgeon to examine the larynx (voice box) and vocal cords. It can be performed using a flexible or rigid endoscope. This procedure is essential for diagnosing voice disorders, throat cancer, and other conditions affecting the larynx.


Phonosurgery refers to a variety of surgical techniques aimed at improving voice quality by modifying the vocal cords. This can include the removal of nodules, polyps, or cysts, as well as the treatment of vocal cord paralysis. Phonosurgery is performed under general or local anesthesia, and recovery involves voice rest and speech therapy.


Thyroidectomy is the surgical removal of all or part of the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck. This procedure is indicated for patients with thyroid cancer, benign thyroid nodules, or hyperthyroidism. The surgery can be partial (removing part of the thyroid) or total (removing the entire thyroid). It is performed under general anesthesia, and recovery involves monitoring thyroid hormone levels and managing any postoperative complications.


Parotidectomy is the removal of the parotid gland, the largest of the salivary glands, located near the ear. This surgery is usually performed to remove tumors, which can be benign or malignant. The procedure involves careful dissection to preserve the facial nerve, which runs through the parotid gland. Recovery includes managing swelling and ensuring proper wound care.

ENT surgeons perform a wide range of surgeries to address various conditions affecting the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck. These procedures are essential for improving patients’ quality of life by alleviating symptoms, preventing complications, and restoring normal function. If you are experiencing symptoms related to these areas, it is crucial to consult with an ENT specialist to determine the most appropriate treatment plan.

At Inamdar Hospital, we recognize how critical it is to treat ENT issues with the highest level of expertise and care. Our hospital is pleased to employ a committed group of ENT surgeons who are exceptionally knowledgeable and adept at identifying and managing a broad variety of disorders pertaining to the ears, nose, and throat. Our doctors are available to provide you with individualized care to guarantee your best health and well-being, whether you are suffering from recurrent ear infections, chronic sinusitis, or any other ENT condition.